How To Write A Conclusion for Research Paper: Structure & Examples

 

examples of conclusion in research paper

Feb 14,  · The conclusion is intended to help the reader understand why your research should matter to them after they have finished reading the paper. A conclusion is not merely a summary of the main topics covered or a re-statement of your research problem, but a synthesis of key points and, if applicable, where you recommend new areas for future research. Mar 18,  · How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper. The conclusion of a research paper needs to summarize the content and purpose of the paper without seeming too wooden or dry. Every basic conclusion must share several key elements, but there 80%(81). A conclusion is a small part of any essay, but a very important one. It’s not an easy task to create a nice summary for a research paper, but with some effort, it can be possible. Our article is going to break down the steps of creating a great conclusion for your research.


Research Papers: How to Write a Conclusion


The conclusion is intended to help the reader understand why your research should matter to them after they have finished reading the paper. A conclusion is not merely a summary of the main topics covered or a re-statement of your research problem, but a synthesis of key points and, if applicable, where you recommend new areas for future research.

For most college-level research papers, one examples of conclusion in research paper two well-developed paragraphs is sufficient for a conclusion, although in some cases, three or more paragraphs may be required. The Writing Center.

University of North Carolina; Conclusions. Purdue University. A well-written conclusion provides you with important opportunities to demonstrate to the reader your understanding of the research problem. These include:. Bunton, David. University of North Carolina; Kretchmer, examples of conclusion in research paper, Paul. Twelve Steps to Writing an Effective Conclusion. San Francisco Edit, ; Conclusions. General Rules. The function of your paper's conclusion is to restate the main argument.

It reminds the reader of the strengths of your main argument s and reiterates the most important evidence supporting those argument s. Do this by stating clearly the context, background, and necessity of pursuing the research problem you investigated in relation to an issue, controversy, examples of conclusion in research paper, or a gap found in the literature.

Make sure, however, that your conclusion is not simply a examples of conclusion in research paper summary of the findings. This reduces the impact of the argument s you have developed in your essay. When writing the conclusion to your paper, follow these general rules:. Consider the following points to help ensure your conclusion is presented well:. The conclusion also provides a place for you to persuasively and succinctly restate your research problem, given that the reader has now been presented with all the information about the topic.

Depending on the discipline you are writing in, the concluding paragraph may contain your reflections on the evidence presented, or on the essay's central research problem, examples of conclusion in research paper. However, the nature of being introspective about the research you have done will depend on the topic and whether your professor wants you to express your observations in this way.

NOTE : If asked to think introspectively about the topics, do not delve into idle speculation. Being introspective means looking within yourself as an author to try and understand an issue more deeply, not to guess at possible outcomes or make up scenarios not supported by evidence. Developing a Compelling Conclusion. Although an effective conclusion needs to be clear and succinct, examples of conclusion in research paper, it does not need to be written passively or lack a compelling narrative.

Strategies to help you move beyond merely summarizing the key points of your research paper may include any of the following strategies:. Problems to Avoid, examples of conclusion in research paper. Failure to be concise Your conclusion section should be concise and to the point. Conclusions that are too lengthy often have unnecessary information in them. The conclusion is not the place for details about your methodology or results.

Although you should give a summary of what was learned from your research, this summary should be relatively brief, since the emphasis in the conclusion is on the implications, evaluations, insights, and other forms of analysis that you make. Strategies for writing concisely can be found here. Failure to comment on larger, more significant issues In the introduction, your task was to move from the general [the field of study] to the specific [the research problem].

However, in the conclusion, your task is to move from a specific discussion [your research problem] back to a general discussion [i. In short, the conclusion is where you should place your research within a larger context [visualize your paper as an hourglass--start with a broad introduction and review of the literature, move to the specific analysis and discussion, conclude with a broad summary of the study's implications and significance].

Failure to reveal problems and negative results Negative aspects of the research process should never be ignored.

Problems, drawbacks, and challenges encountered during your study should be summarized as a way of qualifying your overall conclusions. If you encountered negative or unintended results [i.

Failure to provide a clear summary of what was learned In order to be able to discuss how your research fits back into your field of study [and possibly the world at large], you need to summarize briefly and succinctly how it contributes to new knowledge or a new understanding about the research problem.

This element of your conclusion examples of conclusion in research paper be only a few sentences long. Failure to match the objectives of your research Often research objectives in the social sciences change while the research is being carried out. This is not a problem unless you forget to go back and refine the original objectives in your introduction. As these changes emerge they must be documented so that they accurately reflect what you were trying to accomplish in your research [not what you thought you might accomplish when you began].

Resist the urge to apologize If you've immersed yourself in studying the research problem, you presumably should know a good deal about it, perhaps even more than your professor! Nevertheless, by the time you have finished writing, you may be having some doubts about what you have produced.

Repress those doubts! Don't undermine your authority by saying something like, "This is just one approach to examining this problem; there may be other, much better approaches that Assan, Joseph. College Writing Center at Meramec. Louis Community College; Conclusions.

Introductions and Conclusions. The Lab Report. University College Writing Centre. University of Toronto; Leibensperger, Summer. Draft Your Conclusion. Writing Center. Writing CSU. Colorado State University; Kretchmer, Paul. San Francisco Edit, ; Writing Conclusions. Institute for Writing Rhetoric. Dartmouth College. Don't Belabor the Obvious!

Avoid phrases like "in conclusion But readers can see by the tell-tale section heading and number of pages remaining to read, when an essay is about to end. You'll examples of conclusion in research paper your readers if you belabor the obvious. New Insight, Not Examples of conclusion in research paper Information! Don't surprise the reader with new information in your conclusion that was never referenced anywhere else in the paper. If you have new information to present, add it to the discussion or other appropriate section of the paper.

University of North Carolina. Contact us. The Conclusion Search this Guide Search. The Conclusion This guide provides advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social and behavioral sciences. The Conclusion Toggle Dropdown Appendices Definition The conclusion is intended to help the reader understand why your research should matter to them after they have finished reading the paper.

Importance of a Good Conclusion A well-written conclusion provides you with important opportunities to demonstrate to the reader your understanding of the research problem.

These include: Presenting the last word on the issues you raised in your paper. Just as the introduction gives a first impression to your reader, the conclusion offers a chance to leave a lasting impression.

Do this, for example, by highlighting key findings in your analysis or result section or by noting important or unexpected implications applied to practice. Summarizing your thoughts and conveying the larger significance of your study. Identifying how a gap in the literature has been addressed. The conclusion can be where you describe how a previously identified gap in the literature [described in your literature review section] has been filled by your research.

Demonstrating the importance of your ideas. Don't be shy. The conclusion offers you the opportunity to elaborate on the impact and significance of your findings. Introducing possible new or expanded ways of thinking about the research problem. This does not refer to introducing new information [which should be avoided], but to offer new insight and creative approaches for framing or contextualizing the research problem based on the results of your study.

Structure and Writing Style I. General Rules The function of your paper's conclusion is to restate the main argument. When writing the conclusion to your paper, follow these general rules: State your conclusions in clear, simple language.

Re-state the purpose of your study examples of conclusion in research paper state how your findings differ or support those of other studies and why [i. Do not simply reiterate your results or the discussion of your results. Provide a synthesis of arguments presented in the paper to show how these converge to address the research problem and the overall objectives of your study Indicate opportunities for future research if you haven't already done so in the discussion section of your paper.

Highlighting the need for further research provides the reader with evidence that you have an in-depth awareness of the research problem, examples of conclusion in research paper. Consider the following points to help ensure your conclusion is presented well: If the argument or purpose of your paper is complex, you may need to summarize the argument for your reader.

If, prior to your conclusion, you have not yet explained the significance of your findings or if you are proceeding inductively, use the end of your paper to describe your main points and explain their significance.

Move from a detailed to a general level of consideration that returns the topic to the context provided by the introduction or within a new context that emerges from the data. Developing a Compelling Conclusion Although an effective conclusion needs to be clear and succinct, it does not need to be written passively or lack a compelling narrative.

 

Example of a Research Paper

 

examples of conclusion in research paper

 

Feb 22,  · How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper. Publication Date: 22 Feb The conclusion is the last, yet not the easiest part of a research paper. It must summarize the whole paper and explain its main purpose. The experiment: Say you have just conducted the Milgram queletceting.tk you want to write the research paper for it. (Milgram actually waited two years before writing about his study.) Here's a shortened example of a research article that MIGHT have been written. Feb 14,  · The conclusion is intended to help the reader understand why your research should matter to them after they have finished reading the paper. A conclusion is not merely a summary of the main topics covered or a re-statement of your research problem, but a synthesis of key points and, if applicable, where you recommend new areas for future research.